Subretinal surgery

The tremendous advances in vitreoretinal surgical techniques over the last several decades now allow microsurgical manipulation of retinal nerve tissue, including the manipulation of abnormal growths below the surface of the retina.

Techniques to remove abnormal vessels from beneath the retina surface in patients with inflammatory choroidal neovascular membranes, ocular histoplasmosis, trauma, and occasionally in patients with age-related macular degeneration is now possible, but research into advancing these techniques is ongoing.