Cytomegalovirus (CMV) retinal infection
Because of their impaired immune system, individuals with AIDS are susceptible to a variety of infections, many of which are rare in healthy people. CMV retinal infection is such a condition.
The CMV virus produces retinal inflammation, hemorrhage, and in its late stages, often retinal detachment. Severe vision loss or blindness can result. For this reason, prompt retinal diagnosis and treatment is warranted.
Therapy with systemic antiviral drugs or the placement of an intraocular ganciclovir implant are the current mainstays of CMV retinitis management.