Age-related macular degeneration (AMD)

The leading cause of visual loss in the senior population of the United States is age-related macular degeneration (AMD). This condition causes deterioration—and can cause the eventual loss—of central vision. There are several risk factors for macular degeneration. Some of these risk factors, such as age or genetics (that is, inherited traits), cannot be controlled. Other risk factors, such as smoking, poor diet, and sunlight exposure, can be reduced through changes in behavior.

The most common type of macular degeneration is the “dry” form. In dry macular degeneration, there is progressive thinning (atrophy) and the depositing of waste products (drusen) in the retina. Although vision loss can occur, it is usually minimal and progresses slowly.

The “wet” form of macular degeneration is only responsible for about 10% of macular degeneration cases. With wet AMD, abnormal blood vessels are stimulated to grow beneath the retina. Leakage and bleeding from these abnormal vessels can destroy central vision.

At NJ Retina, we provide our patients with state-of-the-art diagnostic tests and treatments, including surgery related to AMD / Age-Related Macular Degeneration.

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Macular Degeneration

Example of macula with “Dry” AMD

Example of macula with “Wet” AMD

Example of macula with
“Wet” AMD